Iran’s Election and Unrest: What’s behind the silence of the Azerbaijanis in Iran? Print

Nadir Ghazanfari

Any new proposal tabled by the opposition movement on the issue of ethnic minority rights needs to be convincing and support measures such as formally recognizing the decades of discrimination that ethnic communities in Iran have had to endure; acknowledging Azeri and other language and cultural rights; and introducing institutional mechanisms to allow ethnic groups to participate in a more representative and pluralistic political system in Iran.

A Look at Hegemony, Racism, and Center-Periphery Relations in Contemporary Iran Print

Alireza Asgharzadeh

Paper presented in a seminar on Race and Racism, University of Toronto

Towards the end of 1991, after the disintegration of Soviet Union, the formation of an independent Azerbaijani nation was declared north of the Iranian borders. Realizing the importance of such an event to the southern Azerbaijanis, the Iranian regime pursued a hostile relationship with the Republic of Azerbaijan. Aryanization and Persianization of socializing agents such as the education system took a new turn, accelerating with the passage of time.

Iran: Azeris caution about supporting native son Mousavi in Tehran political fight Print

Shahin Abbasov

In general, many areas with high concentrations of ethnic minorities -- not just East and West Azerbaijan, but also Kurdistan, Baluchistan and Khuzestan -- have been quiet amid the post-election tumult in Tehran. Minority groups, including Azeris, Arabs, Kurds and Baluchis, have long resented systematic discrimination carried out by authorities in Tehran, in particular restrictions on cultural and linguistic rights. But they don’t see the present crisis as an opportunity to seek redress for their grievances.

Baku Looks South Print

David Nissman

The historic homeland of Azerbaijan was divided between Russia and Persia by the Treaty of Turkmenchai in 1828, and the borders set by that treaty remain in force today. While Soviet historians routinely argued that this treaty divided the Azerbaijani people, in reality the new line was more political than cultural. The northern part of the Azerbaijani territory became subject to Russian rather than Persian tax collectors and other bureaucrats, but there was not yet any sense of a national awakening. That took place only during the second world war, when Moscow occupied northern Iran under the terms of the 1921 Soviet-Iranian treaty.

Iran-Turkey Relations: Balance, Rivalry and Mutual Dependence Print

Arif Keskin

It is clearly evident that the period of antagonism in Turkey-Iran relations has come to an end. Efforts are being made to minimize problems. Existing problems are kept under control without harming bilateral relations and there is an obvious effort to refrain from criticizing one another.

Iran and Azerbaijan: a Contested Neighborhood Print

Emil Souleimanov

In light of the still unresolved conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, it is clear that the Azerbaijani government chose to play a nationalistic tune to unite the nation, and this has affected the consciousness of Azerbaijanis residing to the south of the Araxes River. Iranian anxiety over its post-Soviet neighbor's policies coupled with a multitude of other factors is understandable; interestingly, Iranian fears of developments north of the river continue to rise.

Ethnic conflicts in the context of social science theories Print

Valery A. Tishkov

Different social science approaches to the phenomenon of ethnicity and the methodologies of the discipline influence a rather wide spectrum of interpretations of ethnic conflicts. The problem is that what is usually categorized as an ethnic conflict quite often has a more complex nature.

Iran’s Strategy in the South Caucasus Print

Kaweh Sadegh-Zadeh

Iran’s   trouble   with   Azerbaijan’s nationalistic government under President Elchibey (1992-93), and the menace of increased US-Israeli-Turkish influence in the South Caucasus guided Tehran to support Armenia at the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. 

Azerbaijan Events and Structure of Power in Iran Print